lathe machine

Kodi Lathe Machine ndi chiyani? Gwiritsani ntchito, Tanthauzo, Ntchito, Magawo, Chithunzi

china engine lathe

Lathe Machine Kuyamba

Lathe Machine ndi mtundu wa makina omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri popanga makina. Makina a lathe amakhala pafupifupi 20% - 35% ya zida zonse zamakina. Imakonza malo osiyanasiyana ozungulira (masilindidwe amkati ndi akunja, malo ozungulira, mawonekedwe ozungulira, ndi zina) ndi mathero omalizira a matupi ozungulira. Lathes ena akhoza pokonza pamalo yamazinga.

Zida zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamatope ndizogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri. Zitha kugwiritsidwanso ntchito pokonza mabowo monga kubowola, kubowoleza, mipeni yoponyera, komanso zida zomangirizidwa monga matepi ndi mano a mbale.

Cham'mbalizitsulo latheali ndi umisiri wosiyanasiyana. Ikhoza kusinthasintha mitundu yambiri yapansi, monga yamkati yamkati ndi yakunja, chulu, poyambira mphete, yopanga mawonekedwe ozungulira, ndege yomaliza ndi ulusi wosiyanasiyana. Ikhozanso kubowola, kukulitsa, kufananiza mabowo ndi knurl. Zomwe mawonekedwe omwe amatha kukonza amatha kuwonetsedwa pachithunzichi.

lathe use

Kuyenda kwakukulu kwalathe injinindi kasinthasintha kayendedwe ka spindle, ndi chakudya zoyenda ndi liniya kayendedwe ka chida. Chakudya chimafotokozedweratu ndikuyenda kwa chida pachokhotakhotakhota, mu M / R. Mukamasintha ulusi, pamakhala chinthu chimodzi chokha choyenda, chomwe ndi chowongolera, chomwe chingathe kuwonongeka poyenda mozungulira ndikupanga zida. Ngati mukufuna kukonza ulusi mwachangu, kapena muli ndi zopangira zochulukirapo zomwe zimayenera kupangidwa ndi misala panthawiyoCNC chitoliro threading lathendi chisankho chabwino. Kuphatikiza apo, pali zoyenda zina zofunikira pakatikati. Mwachitsanzo, kuti pokonza ubweya kukula kofunika, lathe iyeneranso kukhala ndi kudula (kuyenda kocheperako kumakhala kofanana ndikulunjika kwa chakudya, ndipo wogwira ntchito amasuntha chofukizira ndi dzanja pamtunda wopingasa) . Ma lathes ena amakhalanso ndi mayendedwe ofulumira a kutalika ndi kutalika kwa chida.

Choyimira chachikulu cha lathe yopingasa ndizoyendetsa pazitali za workpiece pakama, ndipo chachiwiri ndikutalika kotalikira kwa workpiece. Magawo awiriwa akuwonetsa kukula kwakutali kwa ntchito yokhotakhota ndi lathe, ndikuwonetsanso kukula kwa chida chamakina, chifukwa magawo akuluwo amadziwitsa kutalika kwa cholumikizira cha spindle kuchokera pagalimoto yolumikizira thupi, ndi yachiwiri magawo waukulu kudziwa kutalika kwa bedi lathe.

Kapangidwe ka lathes

Cham'mbali lathe makamaka pokonza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya chitsulo chogwira matayala, wamanja ndi mbali litayamba. Mawonekedwe ake akuwonetsedwa pachithunzichi, ndipo gulu lake lalikulu limapangidwa ndi magawo atatu.
Zigawo zikuluzikulu monga bokosi spindle, chofukizira chida, tailstock, bokosi chakudya, Wopanda bokosi ndi bedi, etc.

what is lathe machine

Cham'mbali lathe mawonekedwe
1 chovala chamutu
2 chofukizira
3 mchira
4 bedi
Miyendo 5 yakumanja
6 kuwala bala
7 wononga
Bokosi lonyamula la 8
9 mwendo wamanzere
Bokosi lodyetsa 10
Magudumu 11 opachika

Bokosi lokwanira
Chomangiracho chimakhazikika kumapeto chakumanzere kwa kama, ndipo shaft yayikulu ndi makina othamangitsira liwiro amaikidwa mkati, ndipo chogwirira ntchito chimamangirizidwa kumapeto kutsogolo kwa spindle kudzera pa chuck. Ntchito ya chovala chamutu ndikuthandizira kutsinde kwakukulu ndikupatsira mphamvu kutsinde lalikulu kudzera pamagetsi othamangitsira liwiro, kotero kuti shaft yayikulu imayendetsa chojambulacho kuti chizizungulira mwachangu kuti chizindikire zoyenda zazikulu.

2. Chida chothandizira
Chofukizira chidakwezedwa njanji yosungira zida pabedi ndipo imatha kusunthidwa kotenga mbali motsatira njanji. Chida chothandizira chimakhala ndi zigawo zingapo za zida. Ntchito yake ndikulumikiza chida chosinthira chakuyenda, chotsatira kapena chodyera cha oblique.

3. Zomatira
Chingwe chomangiracho chimakwera njanji yonyamula zida ndipo chimatha kusinthidwa kutalika kotere. Ntchito yake ndikuthandizira chogwirira ntchito chachitali ndi nsonga yayikulu, kapena kukhazikitsa chida chosakira dzenje monga kubowola kapena mpeni woponyera pobowola mabowo. Ikani pang'ono pa tailstock, The workpiece akhoza mokhomerera kuti lathe ntchito ngati zozungulira makina pobowolaPano.

4. Bedi
Bedi limakwera kumiyendo yakumanzere ndi kumanja ndikugwirira ntchito zothandizira zigawo zikuluzikulu ndikukhala ndi malo olondola panjira yogwira.

5. Bokosi lotsegula
Bokosi loyenda limakonzedwa pansi pa chida chogwiritsira ntchito chida chosunthira pamodzi mbali yakutali. Udindo wake ndikudutsa bokosi lazakudya kudzera pa bar.
Kuyenda kochokera (kapena chowongolera chotsogola) kumafalikira kwa chofukizira, kulola chofukizira kuti chikwaniritse chakudya chotalika, chakudya chotsatira, kuyenda mwachangu kapena kuluka. Chimwemwe chimakhala ndi zisangalalo zosiyanasiyana kapena mabatani.

6. Bokosi la chakudya
Bokosi la chakudya limakhazikika kumanzere kwa bedi, ndipo limakhala ndi makina osinthira makina osinthira chakudya chamagalimoto kapena kutsogolera kwa ulusi wachitsulo.

Lathe ntchito masitepe

1. Kuyendera musanayendetse galimoto

1.1 Dzazani chithunzi chamafuta ndi mafuta oyenera.
1.2 Onetsetsani malo amagetsi a dipatimenti iliyonse, chogwirira, zotumiza, chitetezo ndi malire pazida ndizokwanira komanso zodalirika.
1.3 Aliyense zida ayenera kukhala ziro malo, ndi lamba ayenera kukhala zolimba.
1.4 Pabedi saloledwa kusunga mwachindunji zinthu zachitsulo kuti zisawonongeke pabedi.
1.5 Chogwirira ntchito kuti chikonzedwe, chopanda mchenga wamatope, choteteza mchenga wamatope kuti usagwe m'galimoto, ndikupera njanji.
1.6 Ntchitoyo isanapangidwe, kuyesayesa kopanda kanthu kuyenera kuchitidwa kuti zitsimikizire kuti zonse zili bwino asanayimitsidwe.

2. Njira zogwirira ntchito

lathe cutting

2.1 Pomwe workpiece ili yabwino, yambani kupopera mafuta mafuta koyamba, kuti kuthamanga kwamafuta kukwaniritse zofunikira pamakina asanayambe.
2.2 Mukamakonza chosinthira, gudumu likasintha, mphamvu imayenera kudulidwa. Pambuyo pa kusintha, ma bolt onse ayenera kumangidwa, wrench iyenera kuchotsedwa munthawi yake, ndipo cholembedwacho chiyenera kutengedwa kuti chikayesedwe.
2.3 Mukangomaliza kutsitsa ndi kutsitsa workpiece, chotsani wrench yoyandama ya wrench wick ndi chopangira.
2.4 Chingwe chachingwe ndi chopindika cha chida chamakina chiyenera kusinthidwa kuti chikhale pamalo oyenera malinga ndi zosowa, ndikukakamiza kapena kumata.

2.5 Chojambuliracho, chida chake ndi zida zake ziyenera kukonzedwa bwino. Chida champhamvu choyandama chikuyenera kukulitsa gawo la mpeni mu ntchito kuti iyambe makina.
2.6 Mukamagwiritsa ntchito chimango chapakati kapena chida chogwiritsira ntchito, malowo ayenera kusinthidwa ndikuwongoleredwa bwino ndikuthandizidwa.
2.7 Mukamakonza zida zazitali, gawo lomwe likuyenda kuseri kwa ulusi sikuyenera kukhala lalitali kwambiri. Ngati ndi yayitali kwambiri, chimango chotsitsa chiyenera kukhazikitsidwa ndipo chizindikiro choopsa chiyenera kupachikidwa.
2.8 Mukamadyetsa, mpeni uyenera kukhala pafupi ndi ntchito kuti isagundane; liwiro lonyamula liyenera kukhala lofanana. Mukamasintha chida, chida chimayenera kukhala pamtunda woyenera kuchokera kuntchito.
2.9 Chida chodulira chiyenera kumangirizidwa, ndipo kutalika kwa chida chosinthira nthawi zambiri sikupitilira 2.5 makulidwe akumpeni.
2.1.0 Mukamagwiritsa ntchito magawo azachipangizo, ndikofunikira kukhala ndi cholemera choyenera kuti muzitha kuyika pakati pakukoka kwa chuck ndipo kuthamanga kwa galimoto kuyenera kukhala koyenera.
2.1.1. Ngati khadi ili kupitirira kogwirira ntchito kunja kwa fuselage, njira zodzitetezera ziyenera kutengedwa.
2.1.2 Kusintha kwa zida kumayenera kuchepa. Chida chazida chikakhala 40-60 mm kutali ndi malo ogwirira ntchito, chakudya choyenera kapena chogwirira ntchito chiyenera kugwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo moyendetsa mwachindunji.
2.1.3 Mukamagwiritsa ntchito fayilo, wogwiritsira ntchitoyo ayenera kubwereranso pamalo otetezeka. Wogwiritsa ntchitoyo akuyenera kuyang'anizana ndi chuck ndi dzanja lamanja kutsogolo ndi lamanzere kumbuyo. Chogwirira ntchito chokhala ndi poyambira kiyi pamwamba sichiloledwa kukonzedwa ndi fayilo.
2.1.4 Bwalo lakunja la chopangidwacho litapukutidwa ndi nsalu yolusa, woyendetsa amayatsa malekezero awiri a nsalu yolusa potengera kukhazikika komwe kwatchulidwa m'ndimeyi. Musagwiritse ntchito chala kugwirira nsalu yokhotakhayo kupukuta dzenje lamkati.
2.1.5 Chidachi chikasunthidwa, chida chaching'onoting'ono chiyenera kusinthidwa kuti chizikhala cham'munsi poteteza maziko kuti asamenye chuck.
2.1.6 Mukadula ntchito zazikulu kapena zolemetsa kapena zida, ndalama zokwanira zotsalira ziyenera kutsalira.

3. Kuyimitsa magalimoto

3.1 Chotsani mphamvu ndikuchotsani chojambulacho.
3.2 Chogwirira chilichonse chimagwetsedwa mpaka zero, ndipo zida zimatsukidwa ndi kutsukidwa.
3.3 Yang'anani momwe chida chilichonse chotetezera chiliri.