lathe machine

Lathe Machine Kuyamba: Mitundu 16 ya Lathe Machine

Lathe ndi chimodzi mwazida zogwiritsa ntchito kwambiri pamakina opanga zitsulo. Pali zida zosiyanasiyana zamakina. Zimakhala zovuta kwa anthu omwe sakudziwa ntchitoyi kuti amvetsetse kusiyana pakati pazida zosiyanasiyana zamakina. Pepala ili, timasanja kuchokera kuma 6-system: mawonekedwe owongolera, makina, magwiritsidwe, zida zogwiritsira ntchito, kuchuluka kwa omwe ali ndi zida, mtundu wa zida zamakina. Ngakhale osiyanasiyana mayina lathe, pali milandu mtanda, monga kusiyana bedi lathe makina alinso lathe yopingasa, chitoliro ulusi lathe alinsoCNC lathe makina, koma sizimakhudza kamvedwe kathu ka lathe.

Mitundu ya makina lathe oyamba:
Malinga ndi njira yolamulira

  • Lathe wamba
  • CNC lathe

Malinga ndi makina

  • Cham'mbali lathe
  • Ofukula lathe
  • Wopendekera bedi lathe

Malinga ndi cholinga cha makina

  • Crankshaft lathe, camshaft lathe, lathe yamagudumu, axle lathe, roll lathe ndi ingot lathe, kutembenuza ndi kugaya makina chida, wheelethe lathe, chitoliro ulusi lathe

Malinga ndi zomwe zidakonzedwa

  • Kupala matabwa lathe
  • Zitsulo kudula lathe

Okhazikitsidwa ndi kuchuluka kwa omwe ali ndi zida

  • Chida chimodzi chachingwe CNC lathe, chofukizira chachiwiri cha CNC

Wogulitsa ndi mtundu woyambira wa zida zamagetsi

  • Chuck mtundu CNC lathe, pamwamba CNC lathe

Malinga ndi njira yolamulira

Pakadali pano, pali njira ziwiri zowongolera lathe, imodzi ndiyowongolera pamanja, ndipo inayo ndikuwongolera mapulogalamu a CNC. Malinga ndi njira zosiyanasiyana kulamulira, lathe lagawidwa lathe ochiritsira ndi CNC lathe.

Lathe wamba

engine lathe

The lathe ambiri ali lonse processing chinthu, kusintha osiyanasiyana a liwiro spindle kasinthasintha ndi kuchuluka chakudya ndi lalikulu. Mawonekedwe amkati ndi akunja, nkhope zakumapeto, ndi ulusi wamkati ndi wakunja kwa chojambulacho zitha kukonzedwa. Mtundu woterewu umagwiritsidwa ntchito pamanja ndi wantchito. Ndiosavuta kugwira ntchito. Kumayambiriro koyambirira, liwiro limasinthidwa, zida zimasunthidwa, cholembera choyambira chimakwezedwa, kenako cholowacho chimakankhidwira patsogolo. Chida chosinthira chikuyenda, kumbuyo kumakoka, chida chotembenukira chimabwerera kumanzere, ndipo chida chosinthira chimapita kumanzere. Kumanzere ndi kumanja kuli chimodzimodzi. Ngakhale magwiridwe antchito agalimoto ndi osavuta, kukonza kwa ziwalo ndi ntchito yaukadaulo, ndipo ogwira nawo ntchito ayang'ana zida zoyezera ndi zojambulazo. Mukamapanga magawo ang'onoang'ono azigawo, ma lathes ochiritsira amakhala ndi mwayi wopambana kuposa CNClathe makina. Nthawi zambiri lathes ambiri-cholinga akhala kukonzedwa, ndi lathes CNC adakali siteji mapulogalamu. Chifukwa cha izi, lathe wamba imakhalabe ndi msika, woyenera gawo limodzi, zokambirana zazing'ono komanso kukonza.

Lathes izi zikhoza kugawidwa mu lathes zosiyanasiyana ochiritsira a specifications osiyana, monga LT6232 ndi LT6250, malingana ndi kutalika pakati ndi mtunda pakati. Kuphatikiza pakusintha mitundu yonse yazogwirira ntchito mozungulira, amathanso kutembenuza ulusi wosiyanasiyana, monga ulusi wachitsulo, ulusi wa inchi, ulusi wa modulus, ulusi wa diametric ndi ulusi wotsiriza.

Pofuna kukonza makulidwe a lathe yokhazikika, lathe ya bed bed idachokeranso (yotchedwanso chishalo).

Mapeto kumanzere kwa lathe la bedi lomwe lili kutsogolo kwa bokosi lamutu lamira ndipo limatha kukhala ndi magawo akulu awiri. Mawonekedwe a lathe amakhala amitu iwiri, otsika pakati, ndipo amawoneka ngati chishalo, motero amatchedwa chishalo. The lathe chishalo ndi oyenera mbali Machining ndi miyeso lalikulu zozungulira ndi miyeso yaing'ono ofananira. Ndioyenera kutembenuza bwalo lakunja, dzenje lamkati, nkhope yakumapeto, kagawo ndi miyala, inchi, modulus, ulusi wopota, ndikuboola komanso kutopetsa. , kuyambiranso ntchito ndi njira zina, makamaka zoyenera mabizinesi amtundu umodzi. Chishalo chachitsulo chimatha kupanga zokulirapo zokulirapo mu poyambira chishalo. Maupangiri azida zamakina amalimbitsidwa komanso nthaka yabwino kuti igwire ntchito yosavuta komanso yodalirika. The lathe ali ndi makhalidwe a mphamvu mkulu, liwilo, chinthu chimodzimodzi amphamvu, mwandondomeko mkulu ndi otsika phokoso.

lathe machine

CNC lathe

The lathe CNC amakonzedwa kuchokera lathe ndi dongosolo dongosolo kulamulira ndi anawonjezera kuti makina chachikulu. Pulogalamuyi imayang'aniridwa ndi pulogalamu yoyang'anira makina kuti agwire ntchito molingana ndi ndondomekoyi, pomaliza ntchito yonseyo.

Monga lathes ochiritsira, lathes CNC amagwiritsidwanso ntchito pa makina padziko onsewo a mbali. Nthawi zambiri, imatha kumaliza kukonza mawonekedwe akunja ozungulira, mawonekedwe ozungulira, mawonekedwe ozungulira ndi ulusi, komanso imatha kukonza malo ena ozungulira, monga ma hyperboloids. Zojambula za lathe ndi lathe wamba zimayikidwa chimodzimodzi. Pofuna kukonza magwiridwe antchito, ma hydraulic lathes amakhala makamaka ma hydraulic, pneumatic ndi magetsi a chuck.

Mawonekedwe a lathe ya CNC ndi ofanana ndi a lathe wamba, ndiye kuti, imakhala ndi kama, chovala chamutu, chosungira zida, dongosolo lazakudya zamagetsi, dongosolo lozizira ndi mafuta. Dongosolo kudya kwa lathe CNC ndi qualitatively osiyana ndi lathe ochiritsira. The lathe ochiritsira ali chakudya bokosi ndi chonyamulira kuwombola. The lathe CNC mwachindunji amagwiritsa servo galimoto kuyendetsa Wopanda ndi chofukizira chida kudzera wononga mpira kuzindikira kayendedwe chakudya. Kapangidwe kazakudya kamakhala kosavuta kwambiri.
Ma lathes amakono a CNC adatchuka kale pakuwongolera ma microcomputer. Pakadali pano pali magulu awiri a lathes a CNC, imodzi mwazomwe zimakhala zosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito makina opangira ma microcomputer, ndipo inayo ndi chida chogwiritsa ntchito makompyuta. Pogwira ntchito, lathe ya CNC imachita kuwerengera molingana ndi malangizo a pulogalamu yolowetsera ndikuyika zotsatira zowerengera pagalimoto. Chida choyendetsa chimapanga kuwerengera molingana ndi lamulolo, kuyika zotsatira zowerengera pazida zoyendetsera, kuyang'anira chida choyendetsa (stepper motor) pakatikati pa chipangizocho kuyendetsa makina opatsira mawotchi, ndikugwiritsa ntchito gawo la makina chida (kotenga nthawi ndi chopingasa) kuti muzindikire kuyenda.

Malinga ndi makina

Cham'mbali lathe

Mbali yayikulu yazitsulo zopingasa ndikuti olamulira akulu amafanana ndi benchi ndipo akuwoneka ngati wagona pansi. Zipilala zopingasa ndizoyenera kugwirira ntchito zopepuka zomwe sizitali zazikulu koma zazitali. Izi ndichifukwa choti lathe yopingasa imakonzedwa ndi chuck ndi pamwamba motsutsana ndi workpiece. Kapangidwe kameneka kamatsimikizira kuti kulemera kwa chogwirira ntchito sikungakhale kwakukulu kwambiri. Katundu wamba wokwanira ndi 300 kg, ndipo lathe yolemetsa kwambiri imatha kukhala ndi tani imodzi. Kutalika kwa ntchito ndiye mwayi waukulu wamtundu wopingasa wolumikizana ndi ulusi wowonekera.

Kutalika kwa kukonza ndi 750mm, 1000mm, 2000mm, 3000mm, 4000mm kapena 8000mm, etc.

Ofukula lathe

vertical lathe tsinfa

Chofunikira kwambiri pazitsulo zowongoka ndikuti spindle imangoyang'ana patebulo pomwe chophatikizira chimamangiriridwa patebulo. The lathe ofukula ndi oyenera processing workpieces katundu ndi awiri lalikulu ndi kutalika lalifupi. Izi ndichifukwa choti lathe yokhotakhota, kulumikizana ndi mayikidwe a magawo ndikosavuta, ndipo chowongolera pakati pa chogwirira ntchito ndi poyambira chimakhala ndi mphamvu yabwino. Kusalala kwa kayendedwe pantchito ndikokwera, kotero kukonza kwa magawo kumakhala kwakukulu, koma mtundu wa malowa ndi ovuta kutsimikizika mukayikidwa pamalopo ochiritsira ndikumalizira kumapeto.

Lathes ofukula akhoza kugawidwa mu umodzi-lathes ofukula lathes ndi iwiri-lathe ofukula lathes. Ma lathes amodzi amtundu umodzi amakhala ndi chida chogwiritsira ntchito chowongolera ndi chida chammbali. Onse okhala ndi mabokosi osiyana omwe amatha kuyendetsa payokha kapena munthawi imodzi kuti adutse mozungulira komanso mopingasa. Zipilala zazikulu zowoneka bwino zimakhala ndi zolimba ziwiri. Pofuna kusinthasintha, magawo awiri ofukula lathe amakhala ndi zida ziwiri zowongoka ndi chida chimodzi chammbali. Chojambula chachikulu chiwiricho chimakhala ndi chopangira pakhosi paliponse.

Wopendekera bedi lathe

slant bed lathe tsinfa

Kapangidwe ka njanji kamalola kuti lathe ikhale yolimba komanso yosavuta kuchotsa tchipisi.

Malinga ndi cholinga cha makina

Ma crankshaft lathes, lathes yamagudumu, ma lathes oyenda ndi ma latot ingot, zida zowotchera ndi mphero, ulusi wamapaipi.

Chombo cha Crankshaft

A crankshaft lathe ndi mtundu wapadera wa lathe yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito kupangira ndodo yolumikizira ndi mbali yakumanja ya injini yoyaka yamkati komanso chopukutira mpweya.

The CNC lathe lathe

Makina a CNC ndi makina apadera opangira makina ndi kukonza mawilo a njanji. Pofuna kukonza magwiridwe antchito ndi mitengo yamagetsi ya chida chamakina, makina a CNC opangira zida zamagudumu awiri adapangidwa, ndipo kuyeza kwake, chida chothandizira ndi ntchito zodula zachuma za CNC zidakambidwa. Ndimakina opangira makina okhaokha, ndipo imakhala ndi njira yoyezera yokha, yomwe imangowerengera magawo odulira atayeza kupondaponda kwa gudumu kuti likonzedwe.

Pereka lathes

Lathes Pereka ndi lathes lakonzedwa pokonza masikono. Mipukutuyi nthawi zambiri imakhala yogwiritsa ntchito pamphero. Ndi yayikulu kwambiri, yolemera komanso yolemera yamakina ozungulira yokhala ndi ma grooves.

Kutembenuza ndi kugaya makina

Kutembenuka ndimakina mpherochida gulu Machining ndi imodzi mwa njira wotchuka Machining mu dziko la Machining. Ndiukadaulo wapamwamba wopanga. Machining ophatikizika ndikukhazikitsa njira zingapo zingapo pamakina amodzi. MpheroPobowola, Kutembenuza makina. Kapangidwe kazinthu ndizogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri ndipo chovuta kwambiri ndikuphatikiza kutembenuka ndi mphero. Kutembenuka ndi mphero pamodzi malo Machining ndi wofanana ndi kuphatikiza kwa lathe CNC ndi malo Machining.

pipe lathe tsinfa

Ulusi wa chitoliro

Chitoliro ulusi lathe, amatchedwanso chitoliro ulusi lathe, ndi lathe yopingasa lakonzedwa kutembenukira zovekera lalikulu-m'mimba mwake chitoliro. Imakhala ndi bowo lalikulu la shaft lalikulu (makamaka 135mm kapena kupitilira apo) komanso cholumikizira kutsogolo ndi kumbuyo kwa bokosi lokulirapo. Pofuna kuthandizira kukhathamira ndikukonza zovekera zazikulu kapena mipiringidzo, mankhwalawa amagwiritsidwa ntchito popanga makina opanga mafuta, mafuta, mankhwala, malasha, kufufuza kwa nthaka, magwero amadzi akumatauni ndi mafakitale a ngalande.

lathe machine

Malinga ndi zomwe zidakonzedwa

Kupala matabwa lathe

Zitsulo kudula lathe

Galimoto yodula zitsulo imafanana ndi galimoto yopangira matabwa chifukwa imagwiritsidwa ntchito kudula chojambulacho potembenuza chogwirira ntchito polumikizana ndi chidacho.

Komabe, kusiyana pakati pa ziwirizi ndi kwakukulu:

  1. Kapangidwe ka mpeni ndi kosiyana. Magalimoto opangira matabwa amasinthasintha. Mwachitsanzo, kugwiritsa ntchito chingwe chodulira chitsulo kuyendetsa vase, kusunthira chida kuti chikhale chomwe chimakhala chovuta.
  2. Chikhalidwe cha chopangidwira ndichosiyana. Chogwirira ntchito cha galimoto yonyamula zitsulo nthawi zambiri chimakhala chofanana, ndipo kachulukidwe ndi kuuma kwake kumakhalabe kofanana, kotero imatha kudulidwa 3mm nthawi imodzi, ndipo chida chimatha kusunthidwa. Ngati nkhuni zagwiritsidwa ntchito motere, nkhuni zimapsa mtima ndipo ngakhale nkhuni zimang'ambika. Galimoto yodulira chitsulo cholimba ndiyabwino.
  3. Zida zosinthira ndizosiyana. Kudula kwa chida chosinthira sikofanana ndi ngodya.

Wogulitsa ndi mtundu woyambira wa zida zamagetsi

Chuck mtundu CNC lathes

Ma lathes awa alibe mchira ndipo ndioyenera kutembenuza ma disc (kuphatikiza shafts yayifupi). Njira zambiri zophatikizira ndimagetsi kapena ma hydraulic control, ndipo mawonekedwe a chuck ali ndi nsagwada zambiri zosinthika kapena nsagwada zosaletseka (mwachitsanzo, nsagwada zofewa).

Top CNC Lathes

Lathes izi zili ndi mchira wamba kapena CNC tailstock. Iwo ali oyenera kutembenuza mbali yaitali ndi mbali chimbale ndi awiri ochepa.

Kuphatikiza apo, zitha kukhala zosiyana malinga ndi kukonza kwake molondola

The lathe lagawidwa lathe ambiri, lathe mwatsatanetsatane ndi lathe mkulu-mwatsatanetsatane. Mwatsatanetsatane ndi lathes mkulu-mwatsatanetsatane nthawi zambiri zochokera lathes wamba mwatsatanetsatane. Powongolera kulondola kwa makina pamakina, kuchepetsa zovuta zakutuluka ndi magwiridwe antchito, ndikugwiritsa ntchito mayendedwe apamwamba, makina ali ndi kulondola kwakukulu kwa makina.

Mafunso aliwonse chonde omasuka kulumikizana nafe.