lathe inji

Menene Karfe Lathe Machine? Amfani, Ma'anar, Ayyuka, Sassan, zane

injin china lathe

Gabatar da Injin Lathe

Lathe Machine shine nau'in kayan aikin da aka fi amfani da shi a cikin ƙirar injiniya. Injin lathe yana da kimanin 20% - 35% na yawan kayan aikin inji. Yawanci yana aiwatar da ɗakunan juyi daban-daban (silinda na ciki da na waje, ɗakunan kwalliya, ɗakunan juyawa masu siffa, da dai sauransu) da kuma ƙarshen saman jikin juyawa. Wasu lathes kuma suna iya sarrafa saman zaren.

Kayan aikin da aka yi amfani da su a kan lathe sune kayan aikin lathe. Hakanan za'a iya amfani da su don sarrafa ramuka kamar su motsa jiki, ream koyaswa, wukake wukake, da kayan aikin zaren kamar su famfo da haƙoran farantin karfe.

Takamaimankarfe latheyana da fasaha mai yawa. Yana iya sarrafa nau'ikan farfajiya da yawa, kamar silinda na ciki da na waje, mazugi, zoben zobe, ƙirƙirar farfajiyar juyawa, jirgin ƙarshen da zaren daban-daban. Hakanan yana iya rawar jiki, faɗaɗawa, kwatanta ramuka da kuma dunƙule. Ana nuna yanayin ƙasa wanda lathe na kwance zai iya sarrafawa a cikin adadi.

lathe amfani

Babban motsi nainjin latheshine motsi na juyawa na juyawa, kuma motsi abincin shine layin linzamin kayan aiki. Yawancin lokaci ana bayyana abinci ta hanyar motsi na kayan aiki ta kowane dunƙule, a cikin M / R. Lokacin juya zaren, akwai babban motsi guda ɗaya, wato dunƙule motsi, wanda za'a iya ruɓe shi cikin juyawar juyawa da motsi na kayan aiki. Idan kuna son sarrafa zaren da sauri, ko kuna da manyan kayan aiki da yawa ana buƙatar a samar dasu da yawa sannanCNC bututu threading lathezabi ne mai kyau. Kari akan haka, akwai wasu motsi na taimako na tilas akan lathe. Misali, don aiwatar da ulu zuwa girman da ake buƙata, lathe ya kamata kuma yana da motsi na yankan (motsi yankan yawanci yana daidai da shugabanci na motsi abinci, kuma ma'aikacin yana motsa mai riƙe kayan aiki da hannu a lathe na kwance) . Wasu lathes kuma suna da saurin tsawo da kuma kai tsaye na mai riƙe da kayan aikin.

Babban ma'auni na kwance lathe shine matsakaicin juyawar juzu'i na kayan aiki akan gado, na biyu kuma shine iyakar tsayin aikin. Waɗannan sigogi guda biyu suna nuna girman iyakar iyakar aikin da lathe ke sarrafa shi, kuma yana nuna girman kayan aikin inji, saboda manyan sigogi suna ƙayyade tsayin dindindin na sandar sandar daga layin dogo na jikin lathe, da manyan sifofi na biyu suna ƙayyade tsawon gadon lathe.

Abinda ke ciki na lathes

Keɓaɓɓen lathe yafi aiwatar da nau'ikan axle, hannun riga da sassan diski. An nuna fasalinsa a cikin adadi, kuma babban rukuninsa ya ƙunshi sassa uku.
Abubuwan da aka haɗa sun haɗa da akwatin sandun sanda, mai riƙe kayan aiki, kayan wutsiya, akwatin abinci, akwatin zamewa da gado, da dai sauransu.

menene na'urar lathe

Takamaiman lathe siffar
1 kayan kwalliya
2 mai riƙe da wuka
3 wutsiya
4 gado
5 kafafun gado na dama
6 sandar haske
7 dunƙule
8 akwatin zamewa
9 kafar hagu
10 akwatin ciyarwa
11 rataye dabaran inji

I. Akwatin sanda
An gyara gadon kai zuwa gefen hagu na gefen gado, kuma an saka babban shaft da kuma tsarin saurin saurin canzawa a ciki, kuma an ɗora murfin aikin a ƙarshen ƙarshen sandar ta cikin chun. Aikin headstock shine tallafawa babban shaft tare da watsa karfi zuwa ga babban shaft ta hanyar hanyar saurin saurin canzawa, ta yadda babban shaft din yake tuka wutan aiki don juyawa a wani hanzarin gudu don fahimtar babban motsi.

2. Mai dauke da kayan aiki
Ana ɗora mariƙin kayan aikin a kan dokin maƙerin kayan aiki na gado kuma ana iya motsa shi tsawon lokaci tare da dogo mai jagorar. Holdungiyar mai riƙe da kayan aiki ta ƙunshi yadudduka da yawa na masu riƙe kayan aiki. Aikinta shine dunƙule kayan aikin juyawa don dogaro, a kaikaice ko motsi mara motsi.

3. Dabbobin kiwo
An saka wutsiyar wutsiyar a kan dokin maƙerin kayan aiki na gado kuma ana iya daidaita shi tsawon lokaci tare da dogo. Aikinta shi ne tallafawa dogayen kayan aiki tare da saman tip, ko shigar da kayan aikin rami kamar su rami ko wukar shara don aikin rami. Sanya dan kadan a kan wutsiyar wutan, Za'a iya huda abin da aka kera don yin aikin lathe a matsayin injin hako radialnan.

4. Kwanciya
An saka gadon a ƙafafun ƙafafun hagu da dama da ayyuka don tallafawa manyan abubuwan da aka haɓaka da kuma kiyaye madaidaicin matsayin dangi ko yanayin tafiya yayin aiki.

5. Zanen faifai
An gyara akwatin nunin faifai a ƙasan maɓallin kayan aiki don matsar da maɓallin kayan aiki tare a cikin madaidaiciyar shugabanci. Matsayinta shine wuce akwatin abinci ta sandar haske.
Ana watsa motsi daga (ko kuma dunƙulewar jagorar) zuwa mai riƙe da kayan aiki, yana bawa mai riƙe kayan aiki damar cin abinci na tsawon lokaci, abincin gefe, saurin motsi ko zaren. An shirya farin ciki da abubuwan farin ciki ko maballin daban-daban.

6. Akwatin abinci
An sanya akwatin abincin a gefen hagu na gefen gado, kuma yana da tsarin canza abinci don canza abincin abincin motar ko gubar zaren da aka ƙera.

Lathe aiki matakai

1. Dubawa kafin tuƙi

1.1 Cika zanen maiko na injin tare da man da ya dace.
1.2 Binciki wuraren lantarki na kowane sashe, abin rikewa, sassan watsawa, kariya da iyakantattun na'urori cikakke ne kuma abin dogaro.
1.3 Kowane kaya ya zama yana da sifili, kuma bel ya zama mai matsewa.
1.4 Ba a barin farfajiyar gado ta ajiye abubuwan ƙarfe kai tsaye don kiyaye lalacewar saman gadon.
1.5 Kayan aikin da za'a sarrafa shi, babu yashi mai laka, yana hana yashin laka daga faɗuwa cikin keken, da niƙa layin dogo.
1.6 Kafin aikin matattarar, dole ne a gudanar da gwajin lathe mara amfani don tabbatar da cewa komai ya daidaita kafin a iya loda kayan aikin.

2. Tsarin aiki

lathe yankan

2.1 Lokacin da abin aiki ya yi kyau, fara famfon mai na shafawa da farko, don matsawar mai ya iya kaiwa ga bukatun kayan aikin injin kafin ya fara.
2.2 Lokacin daidaitawa dako musayar, lokacin da aka daidaita dabaran, dole ne a yanke ikon. Bayan gyare-gyare, dole ne a ƙarfafa dukkan kusoshi, ya kamata a cire maƙallan cikin lokaci, kuma yakamata a cire abin ɗora hannu don aikin gwaji.
2.3 Nan da nan bayan lodawa da sauke kayan kwalliyar, saika cire murfin ruwan da ke cikin wug din da kuma kayan aikin.
2.4 Ya kamata a daidaita kayan wutsiya da ƙuƙumma na kayan aikin inji zuwa matsayin da ya dace daidai da buƙatun sarrafawa, kuma a matse su ko matse su.

2.5 Kayan aiki, kayan aiki da kayan haɗi dole ne a ɗora su sosai. Dole ne kayan aikin karfi su fadada sashin wuka cikin kayan aiki don fara inji.
2.6 Lokacin amfani da firam ɗin tsakiya ko mariƙin kayan aiki, dole ne a daidaita cibiyar kuma a shafa mata mai da kyau.
2.7 Lokacin sarrafa abubuwa masu tsayi, ɓangaren da ke bayan sandar kar ya yi tsayi ba. Idan yayi tsayi da yawa, yakamata a girka firam din da ya kamata a rataye alamar hatsari
2.8 Yayin ciyarwa, wuka ya kamata kusa da aiki don kaucewa karo; gudun karusar yakamata ya zama. Lokacin canza kayan aiki, kayan aikin dole ne su kasance a tazarar da ta dace daga kayan aikin.
2.9 Dole ne a ɗora kayan aikin yankan, kuma tsawon kayan aikin juyawa gabaɗaya bai wuce kaurin wuka ba sau 2.5.
2.1.0 Lokacin da ake kera sassan eccentric, ya zama dole a sami ma'aunin ma'auni mai dacewa don daidaita tsakiyar ƙarfin chuck kuma saurin abin hawa ya zama ya dace.
2.1.1. Idan katin ya wuce kayan aiki a wajen filayen, dole ne a dauki matakan kariya.
2.1.2 Dole ne daidaitawar saitin kayan aiki ya zama mai jinkiri. Lokacin da tip na kayan aiki yakai 40-60 mm nesa da matsayin aikin sarrafawa, yakamata ayi amfani da jagora ko abincin aiki maimakon ciyarwar kai tsaye.
2.1.3 Yayinda ake honing da abin aiki tare da fayil, yakamata a janye mai riƙe kayan aikin zuwa amintaccen matsayi. Mai aiki ya kamata ya fuskanci chuck tare da hannun dama a gaba da hannun hagu a baya. Ba a ba da izinin aiki da madannin tsagi a farfajiya tare da fayil ba.
2.1.4 Lokacin da aka kewaya da'irar waje ta aikin tare da zane mai gogewa, mai aiki zai haskaka gefuna biyu na zane mai laushi bisa ga matsayin da aka ambata a cikin labarin da ke sama. Kada ayi amfani da yatsa don riƙe zane mai goge goge ramin ciki.
2.1.5 Lokacin da aka motsa kayan aiki ta atomatik, yakamata a riƙe mai riƙe da ƙananan kayan aiki don yaɗa tare da tushe don hana tushe daga buga chuck.
2.1.6 Yayin yankan manyan kayan aiki ko na kayan aiki ko kayan aiki, ya kamata a bar isassun kayan aikin inji.

3. Aikin kiliya

3.1 Kashe wutar ka cire abin aikin.
3.2 Kowane makama an rusa shi zuwa matsayin sifili, kuma an tsabtace kayan aikin kuma an tsabtace su.
3.3 Binciki yanayin kowace na'urar kariya.