lathe inji

yadda ake amfani da lathe na karfe: ayyukan gado na kayan lathe

ƙarfe lathe opertaions

Gabatarwar aikin Lathe inji

Matsayin Mu'amala da Aiki

Matsayin aiki na duniyakarfe lathe:
1 Babban motar “maɓallin gaggawa”.
2 handlearƙwara sandar sandar sanda Akwai matsayi masu aiki guda uku don ƙananan, matsakaici da ƙananan ƙwanƙwasawa da matsayin sifili biyu don kawar da tuki daga mashin.
3 arke da zaren Akwai matsayi biyu na "hannun dama" da "hannun hagu". Lokacin da spindle ke juyawa gaba, makama ya kasance a cikin “hannun dama”. Lokacin da juyawa ya juya, maƙallin ya kasance a cikin “hannun hagu”, in ba haka ba babu abinci, kuma zaren ba Subauke da wannan ƙuntatawa ba.
4 expansionarfin faɗaɗa farar. Akwai matsayi biyu na "J (mahimmin salo)" da "K (fadada farar)".
5 handlearƙwara sandar sandar sanda Tare da matsayi takwas, iyawa 2 da 5, ana samun saurin gudu guda biyu.
6 Canjin motar motsa jiki mai sanyaya.
7 Nau'in zaren canzawa. Akwai metric (t) na sarki (a) modulus (m) diamita sashe (p) mai hawa hudu.
8 (A) da 9 (B) su ne abubuwan da aka saita na asali don akwatin abinci. Canja yanayin yanayin filin ko abincin, kuma amfani da iyawar 8 da 9 tare.
10 Rike biyu. An ninka jimlar duka kuma an ninka abincin sau takwas.
11, 14 Shin farin cikin sanda ne. Yi aiki da sanda don juya juyawa kuma dakatar da juyawar juyawa.
12 Akwatin nunin faifai.
13 Budewa da rufe makullin goro. Yi amfani da zaren.
15 wheyallen hannu Ana amfani da wutsiyar hannu.
16 Theaƙƙarwar wutsiya mai saurin sauri. Saura goro don wutsiyar wutsiyar. Lokacin da aka sanya waƙar wutsiya zuwa babban kaya, ba a amfani da ita gaba ɗaya lokacin yankan.
17 Hanyar madaidaiciya da kwance ta mai riƙe kayan aiki. Hanyoyin abinci mai tsayi da na kai tsaye na mai riƙe da kayan aiki da ƙungiyoyin ciyarwar gaba da baya duk ana iya gane su ta hanyar makama, kuma saurin motsi a cikin hanya ɗaya ana sarrafa shi ta hanyar maɓallan maɓallin.
18 handlearamin abin riƙe kayan aiki.
19 Babban maɓallin “dakatarwar gaggawa”.
21 Babban maɓallin “farawa”.
22 Alamar mai riƙe da kayan aikin murabba'i da matsewa mai ɗaukewa
23 Maɓallin riƙe kayan aiki (maɓallin zafin tsakiya). Motsi na gefe na hannu (juyawa ta hanyar dubun dubu kuma an fadada shi, yi hankali lokacin aiki da injin don kiyaye rauni).
24 wheunƙun hannu na tsaye a tsaye: Yi amfani da wannan ƙafafun hannu lokacin motsa maɓallin kayan aikin a tsaye.

 Cankon Cutar Kai Na Kai-Kai uku

3 muƙamuƙin ƙarfe na ƙarfe lathe inji

Gwanin kai-tsaye na kai-tsaye guda uku kayan aiki ne na yau da kullun akaninjin lathe, kuma ana nuna fasalinsa da fasalinsa a cikin Hoto.
Lokacin da aka saka maƙallan ɓarke a cikin ramin murabba'i mai lanƙwasa 2, sai babban juzu'in ya juya 3. Babban kayan kwalliyar 3 yana da zare mai laushi a gefen baya, kuma zaren zaren ana zarensa tare da ƙarshen fuskar farcen 4, don a iya jan ƙafafun guda uku a lokaci guda don motsi na tsakiya ko na tsakiya. Ana amfani da ƙididdigar kai tsaye na yau da kullun a cikin 150, 200, 250.

lathe inji

Farawa da Tsayar da Karfe Lathe

babban canji

1. Binciki idan gadon Lathe yana cikin daidai. Wato, juya sandar juya sandar 2 ya zama a tsaka tsaki (0 matsayi), sandar sanda za ta iya aiki 11, 14 ta kasance a cikin yanayin tsayawa, budewa da rufe goro ya kamata ya zama a "kan" matsayin, kuma babban maɓallin “dakatarwar gaggawa” maɓallan 1 da 20 suna cikin "Buɗe" Matsayi (maɓallin ya tashi). Bayan tabbatar da kuskuren, rufe babban maɓallin wuta a bayan busasshen lathe, kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin Hoto.

Lathe babban maɓallin sauyawa
2. Latsa maballin farawa koren 21 a kan sirdin don fara motar.
3. Juya jujjuya sandar juya sandar 2 zuwa abin da aka zaba cikin hanzari, daga sandar sarrafa sandar 11 ko 14 zuwa sama don gane juyawar gaba ta juyawa; tsakiyar maɓallin sarrafawa yana a tsakiya don gane ƙwanƙwasa sanda; makullin sarrafawa yana ƙasa don fahimtar juyawar juya baya.
4. Lokacin lodawa da sauke kayan aiki, canza kayan aiki, auna girman aikin da sauya saurin, latsa maɓallin babbar motar “muguwar gaggawa” ko 20 tasha ta farko.
5. Idan hali na gaggawa, latsa maɓallin “Gaggawa na gaggawa” 20 na babbar motar don tsayar da sandar lathe.
6. Lokacin da aka dakatar da lathe na dogon lokaci, dole ne a kashe babban maɓallin wutar lathe.

Aikin Akwatin Akwatin Spindle

injin lathe inji lantarki

Ana iya amfani da juyawar juya sandar hannu 2, 5 don daidaita saurin juya daga 11 zuwa 1400 r / min.

Aikin Akwatin Nunin

mai riƙe kayan aiki

1. wheunƙun hannu na dogon lokaci na jujjuyawar akwatin juzu'i 24 , Juya akwatin zubewar hannun hannu a tsaye 24 , kuma matsar da sirrin zuwa dama. Kowane grid a kan latsa na dizni 1 mm ne.
Yin amfani da abinci mai tsawon 150 mm, sa'annan ya dawo da tsawon 130 mm.
Aikin b Komawa 20 mm tsawo kuma 186 mm a tsaye.

2. Juya mai riƙe da kayan aiki agogogogo (tsakiyar nunin faifai) 23, Mai riƙe kayan aiki yana motsawa daga mai aiki (watau, kai tsaye zuwa cikin kayan aikin); in ba haka ba, an cire shi ta gefe.
A cikin motsa jiki na sikeli na tsakiya, ana buƙatar motsawa cikin jinkirin gudu, yana buƙatar hannayen duka biyu don canzawa da motsawa cikin yardar kaina, rarrabe alkibla na janyewa da janyewa, kuma aikin yana da sauƙi kuma motsi daidai yake.
Farantin a kan farantin ya kai 0. 05 mm.
Yin aiki Daidaita sikalin silaid zuwa matsayin sifili kuma ciyarwa a cikin alƙiblar kwance 2 m m.
Aiki b Daidaita silan faifai zuwa 25 da dawowa ta kwance zuwa 1mm.

3.Turnar da karamin silaid din rike agogo don matsawa karamin siidarin gaba; juya ƙaramin silar mai juyewa zuwa agogo don motsa mai riƙe kayan aiki zuwa baya.
Exercisesananan ayyukan siket na skateboard suna buƙatar jinkiri har ma da motsi, suna buƙatar hannaye biyu don motsawa a madadin.
Kowane grid a kan ƙaramin bugun kira na skateboard yana da 0. 05 mm, kuma mako 100 grids ne.
Rubutun tsakanin sikelin fuska da adadin ƙwayoyin halitta.
Yin aiki Daidaita ƙaramin sikelin siɓe zuwa matsayi mara kyau kuma ciyar da tsawon mm 3 a tsaye.
Aiki b Daidaita ƙaramin silon zuwa girman 42 da kuma doguwar madaidaiciya zuwa 12. 5 mm.

Aikin Akwatin Abincin

Dangane da ciyarwar a tsaye da kwance, ƙayyade matsayin ƙafafun hannu da abin ɗauka akan akwatin abincin kuma daidaita. Misali, idan aka zaɓi abinci mai tsayi ya zama 0. 307 mm / r, daidaita madafan nau'in zaren sau 7 zuwa awo (t), akwatin abinci, ko maɓallin 8 (A), 9 (B) zuwa 1 , Hanyoyi biyu na 10 zuwa III.
Dangane da farar zaren da aka ƙera, bincika sunan sunan akwatin abincin.

Aikin Abinci Mai Motsa Jiki

Matsar da mai riƙe da kayan aiki mai tsaye da kwance abinci mai sarrafawa 18 ta yadda shugabancinta zai yi daidai da tsarin ciyarwar a tsaye; idan ka danna maballin gaba da sauri a saman makullin, za'a iya matsar da sirdin a tsaye.
Lokacin da aka ja 18 mai riƙewa zuwa matsayi na infeed, danna maɓallin gaba da sauri a saman don matsar da mai riƙe kayan aikin da sauri da kuma a kaikaice.

Aiki na Kayan Aikin

Juya alamar mai riƙe da kayan aikin murabba'i tare da ɗora hannu akan agogo 22 , mai riƙe da kayan aikin zai iya juyawa ta agogo ɗaya don canza matsayin kayan aikin juyawa; lokacin da aka juya 22 a hannun agogo, an kulle mai riƙe kayan aikin.

Tailstock Hannun Riga

wutsiya

Kamar yadda aka nuna a cikin Hoto, za a iya daidaita madafan hannu mai gyara 25 na agogo don gyara ƙwanƙolin ƙugu a matsayin da ake so. Handleaɗa makunnin tailaurin tailagen kwano 25 a kan agogo don sakin tailaron wutsiyar

Tailstock hannun riga da ja da baya aiki

Juya wheafafun hannu na hanun hannu a kowane lokaci agogo 15 don sanya wuyan sandar yatsu ya fita waje; juya ƙafafun ƙafa a gaban agogo, kuma ƙafafun ƙugu ya janye baya.

Kafaffen wutsiyar wutsiya

Handleaura wutsiyar wutsiyar sauri da sauri 16 baya (nesa da mai aiki), sassauta duwawu, matsar da wutsiyar cikin dogon lokaci tare da gado zuwa matsayin da ake so, sa'annan sai matsar da wutsiyar gaba (kusa da mai ba da sabis) Kujerar da sauri ta riƙe igiyar 16 zuwa da sauri amintar da wutsiyar gadon.

lathe inji

Matakan Cire Chuck kai tsaye

1 Matakai da hanyoyi don cire kayan haɗin kai
(1) Rage sandunan da aka saita guda uku 6 sannan ka fitar da kananan kayan kwalliyar uku.
(2) Rage maɗaura sandunan ƙarfe uku 7 Cire murfin ƙurar 5 da manyan kayan kwalliyar 3 tare da zaren madaidaici.
2. Hanyar lodawa muƙamuƙi uku
Lokacin da aka shigar da chuck, ana saka murabba'in ƙwanƙwasa chuck a cikin ramin murabba'i na kayan aikin jujjuya don juyawa, kuma zaren zaren na babban kayan giyar yana juyawa. Lokacin da dunƙulen zaren lebur ya juya ya kusanci ramin mahalli, ana ɗora lambar muƙamuƙi ta 1 cikin maɓallin gidan. Ragowar muƙamuƙan biyu ana ɗora su bisa tsari na lamba 2 da na 3, kuma hanyar loda kayan daidai take da ta da.
3 chuck loading da Ana saukewa darussan kan sanda
(1) Lokacin shigar da chuck, da farko tsabtace ɓangaren haɗin kuma saka mai don tabbatar da daidaiton shigarwar.
(2) Bayan an dunƙule ƙyallen akan sandar, sai a sanya jirgin sama na dunƙulen flange da jirgin sama na dunƙule a haɗe.
(3) Lokacin sauke kayan, sanya wani tsayi na katako mai tauri ko zinare mai laushi tsakanin ƙusoshin a gefen kishiyar mai aiki da saman layin jagorar, sa'annan ka juyar da ƙafafun zuwa wurin da yake kusa da kwance kuma a hankali juya karo . Lokacin da chuck din ya saku, dole ne ka tsayar da motar nan take sannan kayi amfani da hannunka don juya kayan.
4. Bayanan kula
(1) Lokacin lodawa da sauke farantin mara daɗi akan dunƙule, saka sandar ƙarfe a cikin ramin sandar kuma sanya kushin gadon don hana lalacewar saman gadon.
(2) A lokacin da kake girke farata uku, ci gaba ta hanyar da ba ta hanya ba kuma ka hana dunƙulen zaren ya juya.
(3) Lokacin loda kaya, kar a tuka don hana hadari.

Hanya don kawar da komai na bugun kira na sauri

wofi tafiya na kiran waya

Lokacin juya sirdin, siladin tsakiya, da ƙaramin silar faifai, musamman ma idan juyawar juyawa ya sake juya wasu timesan lokuta, idan aka juya baya kawai, to an sami bugun kiran yana juyawa, kuma ba a daidaita mai riƙe shi ba. Motsawa, wannan saboda rata ne tsakanin dunƙulen gubar ciki da kwaya, wanda ke haifar da bugun jini mara aiki.
Idan bugun kiran ya sake juyawa wasu yan wasu lokuta, dole ne a mayar dashi zuwa kishiyar shugabanci sannan a canza shi zuwa matsayin da ake bukata, kamar yadda aka nuna a ciki.